Primavera, Botticelli – What particular aspects of the human beings are being emphasised by the artist?
for example, ideal perfect physical perfection?, identity, poverty? inequalities? suffering ? etc?
and also what has influenced this artist. for example his/her culure, lif experiences, beliefs, other artists, environment, etc?
help, muchh appreciated 🙂
Answer by Inδigo
Artist: Sandro Botticelli
Year: c. 1482
Type: Tempera on panel
Dimensions: 203 cm × 314 cm (80 in × 124 in)
Location: Uffizi, Florence
Venus is standing in the center of the picture, set slightly back from the other figures. Above her, Cupid is aiming one of his arrows of love at the Charites (Three Graces), who are elegantly dancing a rondel. The Grace on the right side has the face of Caterina Sforza, also painted by Botticelli in a famous portrait in the Lindenau Museum as Catherine of Alexandria. The garden of Venus, the goddess of love, is guarded on the left by Mercury, who stretches out his hand to touch the fruit. Mercury, who is lightly clad in a red cloak covered with flames, is wearing a helmet and carrying a sword, clearly characterizing him as the guardian of the garden. The messenger of the gods is also identified by means of his winged shoes and the caduceus staff which he used to drive two snakes apart and make peace; Botticelli has depicted the snakes as winged dragons. From the right, Zephyrus, the god of the winds, is forcefully pushing his way in, in pursuit of the nymph Chloris. Next to her walks Flora(said to be a portrait of Giuliano de Medici’s mistress Simonetta Vespucci), the goddess of spring, who is scattering flowers.
Various interpretations of the scene exist. For instance, the Primavera was also read as a political image: Love (Amor) would be Rome (a palindrome for “Roma”, then Italian and Latin name of the city); the three Graces Pisa, Naples and Genoa; Mercury Milan; Flora Florence; May Mantua; Chloris and Zephyr Venice and Bolzano (or Arezzo and Forlì).
Ernst Gombrich disputed the relevance of the Lucretius passage on the basis that it is part of a philosophical work otherwise of little interest to visual artists as source material, and in favor of a passage from The Golden Ass by Apuleius, which is much closer in style to classical ecphrasis, texts describing lost paintings in detail, that were a popular source of inspiration for Renaissance artists. Apuleius’ passage represents the choice of Venus as the most beautiful goddess by Paris, a choice leading to the Trojan War described in Homer’s Iliad. To the young Lorenzo’s tutor, Marsilio Ficino, Venus represented Humanitas, so that the painting becomes an invitation to choose the values of Renaissance Humanism.
Marsilio Ficino was an Italian philosopher who translated and spread Plato’s philosophy in Europe during the Renaissance. Being a good friend of the Medici family, Ficino was given a village in Florence where he could teach philosophy inspired in Plato’s Academy and translate the work of Hermes Trimegistus, the Corpus Hermeticum, which is the basis of all Hermetic knowledge.
Ficino was familiar with the teachings of Zoroaster and Pythagoras, as well as astrology and it is said that the painting La Primavera was born when Ficino wrote a letter to Botticelli, his ideological disciple, challenging him to interpret his horoscope, in which a conjunction of Mercury and Venus appeared.
Mercury and Venus, then, appear in the painting. Venus as a central figure and Mercury as the guardian of the beautiful garden in which the scene takes place.
Botticelli was already little employed in 1502; after his death his reputation was eclipsed longer and more thoroughly than that of any other major European artist. His paintings remained in the churches and villas for which they had been created, his frescoes in the Sistine Chapel upstaged by Michelangelo’s. British collector and art historian William Young Ottley however had brought Botticelli’s The Mystical Nativity to London with him in 1799 after buying it in Italy. After Ottley’s death its next purchaser allowed it to be exhibited in a major art exhibition held in Manchester in 1857, The Art Treasures Exhibition, where amongst many other art works it was viewed by more than a million people. The first nineteenth century art historian to have looked with satisfaction at Botticelli’s Sistine frescoes was Alexis-François Rio. Through Rio, Anna Brownell Jameson and Charles Eastlake were alerted to Botticelli, but, while works by his hand began to appear in German collections, both the Nazarene movement and the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood ignored him. Walter Pater created a literary picture of Botticelli, who was then taken up by the Aesthetic movement. The first monograph on the artist was published in 1893; then, between 1900 and 1920 more books were written on Botticelli than any other painter.
Give your answer to this question below!
Do cancers gain their confidence from nurturing things?
i just wonder why i know i am talented and smart ect.. but i still always feel inconfident. and i have nothing to lurve or nuthing really makes me feel needed.
Answer by Jos h2o
No, cancers usually grow by spreading to other tissues…
Answer by cancer17
Well, I’m a cancer and I wouldn’t say nurturing brings me confidence, but it does offer some sort of security. Like when I’m upset, cooking for my family or helping other’s does make me feel better and gives me a sense of self worth. However, as far as self esteem and confidence goes, it doesn’t help much. In fact I usually feel more confident when I’m a bit self absorbed.
Answer by Been There
Cancers can their sense of fulfillment from nurturing others.
Self-fulfillment is not the same thing as self-confidence.
Self-confidence is a learned behavior, learned from tackling things and succeeding. This can be confidence about external tasks and challenges, however small or large. Or it can be internal conditions, where you come to understand that you can indeed handle this situation, withstand this doubt or fear, etc.
At any rate, confidence is lower when we are younger, because we’ve had less experience. Confidence is lower when we have hard aspects of Saturn in our natal chart, because we start out with less confidence, and have a harder time learning it. Confidence is lower when our parents did not set up our lives in such a way that we could learn outer and inner mastery, including the ability to tolerate not getting what we want.
Answer by Mandy
A good friend of mine is a cancer and she nurtures anything and anyone lol! It’s just what she dose. But I don’t think that’s what builds her confidence I’m not 100% sure what it is?!
Answer by Amethyst33
Cancers gain their confidence as they age. Cancer lies at the bottom of the horoscope and is the 4th house of home, parent/guardian, and private things as opposed to 10th house which focuses on the public persona, what the public sees. Watch a crab as it moves, almost side-to-side, tentatively, protective shell on its back, Cancers know that it is a dangerous world out there so they are equipped with a “home on their back.” Cancers generally get their confidence from private things, what goes on “behind closed doors.” Mothering, cooking, and protecting others are Cancer things. Nurturing too. Do you tend to stand up for the underdog? That is a Cancer thing. Cancers keep the home fires burning. Home is the most comfortable place for Cancers. As you age you will progress into Leo and you will become more outgoing and feel more comfortable and confident. This progression happens in the first 30 years of life. If you are born late in Cancer, the earlier you will progress into Leo. Cancer is inherently in confident. Cancers are happiest out of the limelight. But time will bring a change as it always does. Cancers are also great volunteers as you have the ability to comfort other or nurture them, however you want to look at it. Visiting nursing homes, shut-ins, and the elderly would be great outlets for the nurturing that you are seeking. It is also great karma to help others that are lonely and that often feel cut off from society. Give it a go. There are many places to help others and i feel you would benefit greatly by giving some of that kindness to others. You will be in the spotlight in the future, so why not give needy people some of your time. Mother Theresa once said that Loneliness was the biggest disease in the world. Why not give some energy to the lonely. You will feel wanted and loved by others that can’t get around and are lonely. Good luck to you and Bless you too.
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